The Basics of Fire Behaviour: What Firefighters Need to Know

The Basics of Fire Behaviour: What Firefighters Need to Know

Understanding the behaviour of fire is essential for firefighters, as it helps them make informed decisions and effectively respond to emergencies. At the Canadian Fire Rescue College (CFRC) in Alberta, we prioritize fire behaviour training to equip our firefighters with the knowledge and skills they need to keep our communities safe. In this blog post, we will take a look at the basics of fire behaviour and highlight what firefighters should know. Enroll in our Alberta firefighting academy today!

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Fire Triangle

Fire needs three elements to exist: fuel, heat, and oxygen. This triangular relationship is known as the Fire Triangle. Understanding this concept is crucial for firefighters as it helps them identify how to control and extinguish a fire.

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Fire Spread

Fire can spread in three ways: conduction, convection, and radiation. Conduction occurs when heat is transferred through direct contact, convection happens when hot gases rise and spread the fire, and radiation occurs when heat is transferred in the form of electromagnetic waves.

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Fire Growth

Fires go through different stages of growth. The incipient stage is the initial phase where a fire ignites and begins to develop. It then progresses to the growth stage, where the fire rapidly increases in size and intensity. The fully developed stage is when the fire reaches its peak and consumes all available fuel, while the decay stage occurs when the fire starts to weaken and die down.

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Flashover is a rapid and widespread ignition of all combustible materials in a room or enclosed space. It is a critical fire behaviour phenomenon that firefighters need to understand to ensure their safety during operations.


At CFRC, we prioritize comprehensive fire behaviour training to ensure our firefighters are well-prepared to handle any emergency situation. By understanding the basics of fire behaviour, our firefighters can make informed decisions, minimize risks, and effectively protect lives and property. Enroll in our Alberta firefighting academy today!

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